Quick Answer: What Country Has The Highest Rate Of Birth Defects?

What percentage of the world’s birth defects occur in developing countries?

The report is especially helpful as a springboard for further investigation because 85% of the world’s birth defects occur in developing countries, but only four such countries have birth defect programs that can track occurrences, says Li Zhu, director of China’s National Reference Laboratory on Reproductive and Child ….

Why does India have a high rate of birth defects?

Indian people are living in the midst of risk factors for birth defects, e.g., universality of marriage, high fertility, large number of unplanned pregnancies, poor coverage of antenatal care, poor maternal nutritional status, high consanguineous marriages rate, and high carrier rate for hemoglobinopathies.

What ethnic group is most affected by Down syndrome?

Down syndrome does not occur in one race more than another. In the United States, however, black or African American infants with Down syndrome have a lower chance of surviving beyond their first year of life compared with white infants with the condition, according to the CDC.

How many babies are born with a disability?

Every year, an estimated 7.9 million infants (6% of worldwide births) are born with serious birth defects. Although some congenital defects can be controlled and treated, an estimated 3.2 million of these children are disabled for life.

What are the 4 main causes of birth defects?

What causes birth defects?Genetic problems. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that results in them not working properly, such as in Fragile X syndrome. … Chromosomal problems. … Infections. … Exposure to medications, chemicals, or other agents during pregnancy.

Do Cyclops babies survive?

A baby who develops cyclopia often doesn’t survive pregnancy. This is because the brain and other organs don’t develop normally. The brain of a baby with cyclopia can’t sustain all the body’s systems needed to survive. … Other studies of live births have found that a newborn with cyclopia usually has only hours to live.

What ethnic group has the highest rate of birth defects?

American Indians had the highest rates of lethal birth defects, followed by Asians, Hispanics, and blacks. The variation in rate of lethal birth defects among racial/ethnic groups may have been related to both incidence and survival.

What race has the most cleft palate?

Race—cleft lip and palate are more common in Asians and Native Americans than in African Americans (see Incidence and Prevalence section). Sex—males are more likely to have cleft lip with or without cleft palate; females are more likely to have cleft palate without cleft lip (see Incidence and Prevalence section).

What is the number 1 birth defect?

There are thousands of different birth defects. The most common are heart defects, cleft lip and palate, Down syndrome and spina bifida.

Why does India have so many people?

India and China have so many people today because they’re good for farming and big, but they’ve always been that way, so they’ve actually had a huge proportion of Earth’s people for thousands of years. Info about world population growth: https://ourworldindata.org/world-popu… References: … India.

What are the 5 most common birth defects?

CDC Lists Top 6 Types of Birth DefectsGenetic defects (Down syndrome and other conditions): 6,916 babies per year.Mouth/facial defects (cleft lip and/or cleft palate): 6,776 babies per year.Heart defects: 6,527 babies per year.Musculoskeletal defects (including arm/leg defects): 5,799 babies per year.Stomach/intestinal defects: 2,883 babies per year.More items…•

What causes disabilities in unborn babies?

Birth defects can be caused by genetic factors and by a variety of environmental injuries such as infection, radiation, and drug exposure during pregnancy. The majority of birth defects, however, are without detectable cause. … Down syndrome is an example of a condition caused by too many chromosomes.

Why are there so many rare diseases in India?

“The incidence of rare diseases is believed to be higher in India due to the practice of consanguineous marriages in many communities,” read a document on the issue. … The diseases are responsible for 35% of deaths before the age of 1 year, 10% between the ages of 1-5 years and 12% between 5-15 years.

Can birth defects be seen on ultrasound?

Many birth defects can be diagnosed before birth with tests. … Fetal ultrasound during pregnancy can also show the possibility of certain birth defects. But ultrasound is not 100% accurate. Some babies with birth defects may look the same on ultrasound as those without problems.

What is the percentage of healthy babies born?

Most babies are born healthy. In fact, 96 to 97 out of every 100 babies born are born healthy. About three or four out of every 100 babies born, however, have some type of birth defect.